Sludgebusters is at the forefront of San Diego County's septic system installation services. We are experienced specialists at both new septic system installation as well as at modernizing and upgrading existing septic systems for commercial and residential customers throughout San Diego County. For decades, we have installed only the highest quality septic tank brands at affordable prices, including Infiltrator, Jenson, and B&G Fiberglass. In addition, we are also able to increase the capacity of your existing septic tank system by the installation of additional tanks and/or the extension of existing leach lines. All of our new system installations and existing system modifications are performed strictly in compliance with the Universal Plumbing Code (UPC), which governs septic tank installation and modifications nationwide, and are also expertly designed to maximize the lifespan and efficiency of your septic system. As an additional service when we perform a septic system installation, we also provide a map of the complete septic system, detailing the exact tank location as well as the location of all leach lines.
Each municipality has it own specifications for the size of septic tank that needs to be installed per residential household or commercial building size, and we are familiar with each San Diego city's tank sizing requirements, as well as their specifications regarding drain field types. For example, in some cities, a three bedroom home requires the installation of a 1000 gallon septic tank, while a four bedroom home requires a 1200 gallon tank to be installed. Also, in general, we prefer to install concrete layers over septic tanks in situations where they will be subject to foot traffic, such as in residential yards. In addition, we pull all required permits on behalf of our customers, and maintain an excellent rapport with the building inspectors of each municipality, in this way facilitating the smooth progression of your residential or commercial septic system installation. Moreover, following project completion, our work is inspected by San Diego County's Department of Environmental Health, to ensure that it complies with strict environmental standards.
Types of Residential Septic Systems
There are three different types of tanks approved for residential use. All of these tanks have at least two lids, one per compartment.
Holding TanksPictured above is an 1800 gallon holding tank being serviced
What differentiates a holding tank from a regular septic tank is that there is no system extending beyond the tank itself. For this reason, holding tanks are generally used only on a temporary basis to contain effluent, sewage, or runoff under RV trailers or adjacent to temporary structures where permanent facilities are not or cannot be in service. Holding tanks are constructed with capacities ranging from 300 to 10,000 gallons, and can be manufactured out of a variety of materials. Sludgebusters pumps and thoroughly cleans holding tanks, and can also provide these services for your recreational vehicle.
Plastic Septic Tanks
Plastic tanks are also called poly or polyethylene tanks, and feature a ribbed surface with squared ribs spaced 4" to 6" apart. These tanks can be yellow, gray, blue, or black, and contain two circular lids, which have a 22"-30" diameter, and are spaced 4'-9' apart. Typically, instructions upon the lid of these tanks will advise their owner to refill with water upon pump out, as this water will help the tank to retain its shape.Pictured above is a NORWESCO polyethylene tank
NORWESCO septic tanks are backed by a full three-year warranty and have been certified by state and local health departments from coast to coast. Where applicable, NORWESCO septic tanks are backed by a full three-year warranty and have been certified by state and local health departments from coast to coast. Where applicable, NORWESCO septic tanks have been certified by both the IAPMO (International Association of Plumbing and Mechanic Officials) and the CSA (Canadian Standards Association). The lids on these tanks are often attached to the tank by four small screws, which must be unscrewed before lid removal.Pictured above is a FRALO septic tank
FRALO tanks meet or exceed all septic tank requirements throughout North America, and are covered by a fifty year warranty. FRALO tanks do not require backfilling with water upon pump out. In addition, both FRALO lids and risers are threaded, and must be unscrewed before removal.
Fiberglass Septic Tanks
Like plastic and polyethylene tanks, fiberglass tanks are also ribbed, but these ribs are rounded and can be spaced at intervals of up to 12" apart upon the tank's surface. These tanks have domed or dished lids measuring 22"-24" in diameter, and which are 4'-9' measured center to center. In addition, the tanks manufactured in 2003 and afterwards have screw-down lids.This is a new Jenson 1500 gallon tank before
inspection. The line shown above the unit comes
into the unit from the house, and the line
shown below the unit runs out to the leach field.
Concrete Septic Tanks
Concrete septic tanks typically have two square-shaped or round lids which measure 22"- 24" in diameter, 5' center to center, and have steel rebar, steel cable, or plastic handles attached to them to facilitate installation. Newer model homes, constructed after 1994, will commonly have round lids which are 18"-24" in diameter, and are spaced 5' to 8' apart. Concrete tanks installed before 1970 were often constructed of block or brick, and had three lids, one per compartment, that were poured or built in place, and which varied widely in size and shape depending upon the septic tank manufacturer.
Drain Field Types
Drain fields, leach lines, leach fields, seepage pits, and cesspools are all methods of water absorption into the soil and are all gravity fed systems. However, in some cases, when the septic tank is located lower than the drain field, a pump chamber may be placed in-line between the tank and field, which feeds a surge tank above the field, in this way facilitating normal gravitational function within the system.
Rock and Pipe
One of the oldest types of systems, it consists of a 3'-4' deep trench, 18" wide, containing a 12" deep layer of rock added as a base for the pipe. A 6"-8" of rock is then poured into the trench over the pipe to hold and surround the pipe. A modified trench, used as an alternative, can be up to 36" wide, and have 36" or more layer of rock placed below the pipe. This modified version provides a more efficient system when space is limited. The trench will then be covered with butcher paper or straw to keep soil out of the trench upon backfill. This rock and pipe system can measure between 375-2000 lineal feet, depending upon your house size and soil type.
Infiltrators are black plastic chambers and have an open flat bottom with louvered sides that are designed to keep dirt out. They require a perfectly flat-bottomed, 20" wide trench for installation, and come in 4'-8' lengths, to be assembled in the open trench. Their manufacturer claims that they are more efficient than rock and pipe, but the San Diego Department of Environmental Health has the same linear footage requirements for the system as it does for rock and pipe.
Seepage pits are excavations which contain perforated, 4'-5' diameter concrete cylinders which sit upon a bed of crushed rock. These systems are most commonly used in sandy soils where trenches will silt in, or where space is very limited. A "stack" consists of two of these cylinders, and most homes built upon sandy soil require only two stacks. However, in decomposed granite or rocky soil, the use of 15-30 or more stacks may be required for a single residence.
Cesspools are no longer legal in San Diego County. They are tankless drain areas supported by rock, block, or brick, in which the tank and the field are integrated into a single hole. They are environmentally contaminative due to their design.
I know it sounds weird giving a review for a septic tank company, but believe me,if you need them you need them. I've been dealing with Sludgebusters to pump out my El Cajon property for the last 20 years and they have always given me fast, courteous, and expert service. I have no qualms recommending them to anyone.I know its not a glam business but thank goodness they are there. Yes Sludge Busters is a small family run business that bends over backwards to meet your needs, and give you the service and relief that you need.Read More